Creating Shortcuts with App Intents

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Including shortcuts help will be a good way to distinguish your app and supply glorious integration into the iOS ecosystem. Shortcuts permit your customers to work together together with your app with out launching and navigating into particular screens to carry out duties. Shortcuts can use voice, textual content or Highlight to perform fast duties with out a lot psychological overhead. Your customers can even construct bigger workflows together with your shortcuts to perform many duties concurrently.

Up to now, including Shortcuts and exposing them to the system could possibly be cumbersome and time-consuming. After your shortcut was arrange and obtainable, you had to determine one of the simplest ways to tell the person that it existed and present the right way to use it. In iOS 16, Apple revamped the method of including and exposing your app’s Shortcuts to iOS. The outdated means of including Shortcuts included finicky visible editors and mapping code recordsdata to Intent Definition recordsdata.

The brand new App Intents framework enables you to create shortcuts from the identical language you employ each day – Swift! All the pieces is statically typed and ingested into iOS upon set up. Your shortcuts are instantly obtainable to customers through Siri, the Shortcuts app and Highlight.

It’s time to dive into this new easy means so as to add Shortcuts to the system!

Getting Began

Obtain the starter venture by clicking the Obtain Supplies button on the high or backside of the tutorial.

The BreakLogger app means that you can file break instances all through the day. Open the starter app venture. Construct and run BreakLogger. You’ll see an empty break listing:

Empty List

Faucet the Add button on the backside of the display, and also you’ll be prompted to file a break:

Add Break View

Choose a break so as to add. Subsequent, you’ll see a listing of the breaks you’ve added — together with the one you simply recorded:

List with Entry

Proper now, the one approach to log a break is from inside the app. However iOS has a number of different methods to work together with apps all through its ecosystem. Customers might wish to log a break as half of a bigger workflow, combining a number of actions into one shortcut. They could additionally wish to inform Siri to log a break with out opening the app whereas on the go. These use instances are doable should you combine the App Intents framework into your app.

iOS 16 launched the App Intents framework. Shortcut definitions are actually constructed solely in Swift, with no code era or further steps wanted to make them obtainable throughout iOS. You now not want to make use of Intent Definition recordsdata or the visible editors. Get began constructing your individual together with your first App Intent.

Defining Your First App Intent

Contained in the starter venture, right-click the Supply group and choose New Group. Identify the group Intents. Inside the brand new group, right-click once more and choose New File… . Choose the Swift File template and select Subsequent. Identify the file LogBreakIntent.swift.

Create a LogBreakIntent struct that conforms to AppIntent:

import AppIntents
import SwiftUI

// 1
struct LogBreakIntent: AppIntent {
  // 2
  static let title: LocalizedStringResource = "Log a Break"

  // 3
  func carry out() async throws -> some IntentResult & ProvidesDialog {
    // 4
    let loggerManager = LoggerManager()
    loggerManager.logBreak(for: .quarterHour)
    // 5
    return .outcome(dialog: "Logged a 15 minute break")
  }
}

Right here’s what’s taking place within the code above:

  1. Creates a struct to characterize your shortcut. Provides conformance to the AppIntent protocol.
  2. Provides a title property. That is of sort LocalizedStringResource, which makes the string obtainable out of course of for localization lookup. Bear in mind this code additionally runs when your app isn’t in reminiscence.
  3. Provides a carry out() perform to finalize conformance to the AppIntent protocol. Signifies it returns an IntentResult and that it offers a dialog.
  4. Makes use of the LoggerManager comfort sort to log a 15-minute break. This motion additionally saves the break to the Core Knowledge retailer.
  5. Returns the IntentResult as a dialog.

With the present setup, a person can create a shortcut and the intents from BreakLogger will seem as obtainable actions. These actions run by themselves or as half of a bigger shortcut composed of many actions. As quickly as a person installs BreakLogger your intents can be found as shortcut actions.

Construct and run to make sure the up to date code installs to the simulator. Subsequent, background the app with the keyboard shortcut Command + Shift + H. You’ll see the Shortcuts app on the identical display. Open Shortcuts.

Faucet the + button on the highest proper. The New Shortcut view masses.

New Shortcut

On the New Shortcut view, faucet Add Motion. Within the segmented management on the high, choose Apps.

Add Action

Choose BreakLogger from the listing, then faucet Log a Break.

Log a Break Action

Faucet Executed. The view dismisses and takes you again to the Shortcuts tab within the app. You’ll see your new shortcut on the display now. You’ve created a shortcut together with your first app intent!

Log Break Shortcut

Faucet the Log a Break shortcut to run it. You’ll see a dialog drop down after a second or two with the content material you arrange within the carry out() perform.

Shortcut Run Confirmation

Faucet Executed, shut Shortcuts and open BreakLogger once more. You’ll see the break you simply logged added to the listing.

Break Logged Confirmation

Properly achieved! You added Shortcuts integration into your app with a number of Swift recordsdata in a number of steps. Subsequent, you’ll add an app shortcut to BreakLogger.

Including an App Shortcut

Again in Xcode, add a brand new Swift file to the Intents group you created earlier. Identify the file BreakLoggerShortcuts.swift.

Add the next:

import AppIntents

// 1
struct BreakLoggerShortcuts: AppShortcutsProvider {
  // 2
  static var appShortcuts: [AppShortcut] {
	// 3
    AppShortcut(
      // 4
      intent: LogBreakIntent(),
      // 5
      phrases: [
        "Log a break",
        "Log a (.applicationName) break"
      ]
    )
  }
}

Right here’s what this code does:

  1. Creates a struct that conforms to AppShortcutsProvider. This lets iOS know to index the shortcuts right here.
  2. Provides a static property that returns an array of AppShortcut situations. For this instance, you’ll solely be offering one.
  3. Creates an AppShortcut.
  4. Makes use of LogBreakIntent because the intent behind the shortcut.
  5. Supplies a listing of phrases that may set off this shortcut. Word the usage of the particular token .applicationName, which resolves to the localized identify of your app.

Now, construct and run.

Background the app. You’ll have the ability to begin Siri on the simulator and say, “Use BreakLogger to a break” and have the shortcut run instantly.

You’ll see a immediate asking you to allow BreakLogger shortcuts with Siri:

Enable Shortcuts Dialog

Then, you’ll see a affirmation dialog:

Confirmation Dialog

Lastly, open BreakLogger once more. You’ll see your second logged break from the shortcut you simply ran.

Log from Siri

Word: Siri will be finicky on the simulator. You’ll have to reset the gadget and check out a number of instances to get the shortcut to run through voice. Additionally, make certain there isn’t a number of background noise within the room you’re working in.

Subsequent, you’ll create a customized affirmation view to point out every time the intent has run.

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