Bye Bye Hibernate – Discovering options to Hibernate in Kotlin | Weblog |







We’re additionally capable of give JOOQ our area mannequin and let it robotically work out the mapping from the question into the area mannequin. JOOQ can do robotically match this based mostly on current JPA annotations within the area mannequin, the “best-matching constructor” or a customized mapper you present your self.

In our venture we solely used the metadata constants, whereas JOOQ has extra to supply. JOOQ additionally generates DAO’s as an example. We investigated implementing the generated DAO’s in our venture, however they included default strategies that we thought-about not helpful. For example, a technique was generated to lookup experiments by (alphabetic) vary of speculation. It appears this ‘choose by vary’ is generated for all fields and creates muddle.

In addition to, the generated DAO code doesn’t appear to take indexes into consideration. A lot of the queries would result in a full desk scan in the event that they have been used, which might closely impression efficiency. We see room for enchancment right here: JOOQ might use the indexes as an indicator of whether or not there’s any use case for the code and go away a extra concise DAO. This is without doubt one of the causes we focussed our efforts on utilizing the metadata constants.

Our conclusion about JOOQ:

  • JOOQ’s documentation is elaborate and makes the framework straightforward to make use of. Particularly in case you have an current database schema or plan on utilizing a database migration device like Flyway.
  • The metadata constants could be a good type-safe question implementation, based mostly in your current database. Due to this we have been capable of implement JOOQ with minimal boilerplate code relating to mappings to the info entry layer.
  • JOOQ is actively maintained with month-to-month releases and is probably the most used ORM framework after Hibernate inside
  • One further word is that JOOQ has a number of paid variations, that supply a wider vary of supported database dialects and extra options. Our database kind, Postgres, amongst different widespread ones are supported within the open-source model. In style databases like Oracle and SQL Server are solely supported within the paid variations.

Noteworthy point out: Krush

The additional added boilerplate in mapping between the area mannequin and the desk mannequin with Uncovered and Ktorm inspired us to search for an alternate, onto which we encountered Krush.

Krush is predicated on Uncovered and claims to be “a light-weight persistence layer for Kotlin based mostly on Uncovered SQL DSL.”. It removes the necessity for boilerplate mappings by including again JPA annotations to the area mannequin, which we’re used to from Hibernate.

Sadly, there is no such thing as a utilization of this framework inside and on GitHub the neighborhood additionally appears too small to think about for utilization in manufacturing. Due to this, we concluded that we’d not go to the extent of testing its behaviour. As a substitute, we’ll give Krush an in depth look sometimes to see the way it develops.

Noteworthy point out: Spring JDBC

You won’t want all of the complexity that Hibernate/JPA has to supply. Switching to a unique ORM framework altogether may be heavy as nicely. What if there would simply be a less complicated various within the ecosystem you might be already utilizing? One such various is offered in all Spring tasks: Spring JDBC!

Spring JDBC will give you a extra low-level method, based mostly on JDBC instantly. This could be a good method for smaller tasks that need to write native queries.


Becoming a member of forces within the hackathon to research Hibernate options in Kotlin was enjoyable and we realized loads in regards to the accessible options on the market. Our greatest studying is that there are 4 main methods of approaching the ORM world:

  • Database schema first, the method that JOOQ takes.
  • SQL DSL first, the method that Uncovered and KTORM take.
  • JPA annotations first, the method that Hibernate and Krush take.
  • Low stage, the method that Spring JDBC takes.

All these approaches include their very own set of benefits and drawbacks. For our use case JOOQ could possibly be a substitute for Hibernate in our Kotlin tasks. JOOQ would enable us to modify ORM frameworks with minimal modifications and most type-safety, whereas maintaining boilerplate at a minimal. The neighborhood and utilization additionally appear ok to undertake the framework for utilization inside a manufacturing atmosphere.

It is very important word that doing a migration from one ORM framework to a different is a heavy course of that wants devoted time to make it work, together with efficiency exams. Hibernate could be a legitimate ORM framework selection in a venture. We hope that you’re now extra conscious of a few of the different frameworks you possibly can select from and the way they work.

1 In the course of the hackathon the venture staff additionally reserved a small period of time to research options for Hibernate Envers. Utilizing a unique ORM framework then Hibernate can pose a problem whenever you nonetheless need to have such out of the field auditing accessible, as Hibernate Envers can solely be utilized in mixture with Hibernate itself. The conclusion of the small investigation was that Javers promised to be an acceptable various, though this framework appears solely maintained by one particular person. Alternatively, you could possibly use a extra low-level method through the use of database triggers that audit and log modifications.

2 Some time in the past Sander spent hours making an attempt to debug issues that have been associated to utilizing information courses with Hibernate, which in the long run led him to the listed article and repository. An instance of such an issue is that the applying tried to delete an object from the database, however by means of Hibernates magic below the hood the thing was recreated after the deletion in the identical transaction, leading to no object being deleted. Utilizing the perfect practices from the listed article led to constant outcomes.


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